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A compound contains 40.0% carbon, 6.7% hydrogen and 53.3% oxygen

A compound contains 40.0% carbon, 6.7% hydrogen and 53.3% oxygen. If the molar mass of the compound is 180, Find the molecular formula [H = 1, C = 12, O = 16)

  • A. CH2O
  • B. C3H6O3
  • C. C6H12O6
  • D. C6H12O3
Correct Answer: Option C
Explanation
C = 40%, 40/12 = 3.33
H = 6.7%, 6.7/1 = 6.7
O = 53.3%, 53.3/16 = 3.33
C = 3.33/3.33 = 1
H = 6.7/3.33 = 2
O = 3.33/3.33 = 1
(CH2O)n = 180
(12 + 2 + 16)n = 180
30n = 180
n = 6
= C6H12O6

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